All Champagne is sparkling wine, but not all sparkling wine can be considered Champagne.
There are three main types of Champagne:
Blanc de Blancs - White from White (Chardonnay)
Blanc de Noirs - White from Black (Pinot Noir and/or Pinot Meunier)
The longest recorded flight of a Champagne cork is over 177 feet... watch your eye!